Ulysses S. Grant on West Point Appointment

“In the winter of 1838⁠–⁠9 I was attending school at Ripley, only ten miles distant from Georgetown, but spent the Christmas holidays at home. During this vacation my father received a letter from the Honorable Thomas Morris, then United States Senator from Ohio. When he read it he said to me, ‘Ulysses, I believe you are going to receive the appointment.’ ‘What appointment?’ I inquired. ‘To West Point; I have applied for it.’ ‘But I won’t go,’ I said. He said he thought I would, and I thought so too, if he did. I really had no objection to going to West Point, except that I had a very exalted idea of the acquirements necessary to get through. I did not believe I possessed them, and could not bear the idea of failing. There had been four boys from our village, or its immediate neighborhood, who had been graduated from West Point, and never a failure of anyone appointed from Georgetown, except in the case of the one whose place I was to take. He was the son of Dr. Bailey, our nearest and most intimate neighbor. Young Bailey had been appointed in 1837. Finding before the January examination following, that he could not pass, he resigned and went to a private school, and remained there until the following year, when he was reappointed. Before the next examination he was dismissed. Dr. Bailey was a proud and sensitive man, and felt the failure of his son so keenly that he forbade his return home. There were no telegraphs in those days to disseminate news rapidly, no railroads west of the Alleghanies, and but few east; and above all, there were no reporters prying into other people’s private affairs. Consequently it did not become generally known that there was a vacancy at West Point from our district until I was appointed. I presume Mrs. Bailey confided to my mother the fact that Bartlett had been dismissed, and that the doctor had forbidden his son’s return home.

The Honorable Thomas L. Hamer, one of the ablest men Ohio ever produced, was our member of Congress at the time, and had the right of nomination. He and my father had been members of the same debating society (where they were generally pitted on opposite sides), and intimate personal friends from their early manhood up to a few years before. In politics they differed. Hamer was a lifelong Democrat, while my father was a Whig. They had a warm discussion, which finally became angry⁠—over some act of President Jackson, the removal of the deposit of public moneys, I think⁠—after which they never spoke until after my appointment. I know both of them felt badly over this estrangement, and would have been glad at any time to come to a reconciliation; but neither would make the advance. Under these circumstances my father would not write to Hamer for the appointment, but he wrote to Thomas Morris, United States Senator from Ohio, informing him that there was a vacancy at West Point from our district, and that he would be glad if I could be appointed to fill it. This letter, I presume, was turned over to Mr. Hamer, and, as there was no other applicant, he cheerfully appointed me. This healed the breach between the two, never after reopened.”

– Ulysses S. Grant, who would become Commanding General of the U.S. Army and President, on his appointment to West Point

Black and white historical photograph of Ulysses S. Grant sitting in a chair, facing slightly to the right. He is wearing a dark suit with a bow tie and has a full beard. Grant appears composed and dignified with a serious expression on his face.
President Ulysses Grant, circa 1875


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“Ulysses S. Grant on West Point Appointment” sources: “Personal Memoirs” by Ulysses S. Grant, published in New York City, 1885 – Standard Ebooks / Portrait taken by Matthew Brady, circa 1875 – Pres. U.S. Grant. [Between 1870 and 1880] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2017893220/> & “Ulysses S. Grant 1870-1880.” Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ulysses_S._Grant_1870-1880.jpg