Mary Winsor supports suffrage protestors

Mary Winsor

“It is quite enough to pay taxes when you are not represented, let alone pay a fine if you object to this arrangement.”

– Mary Winsor

Note: In this photo, Mary Winsor holds a sign in support of suffrage protestors who had been imprisoned. Taken in Washington D.C. in 1917.

Mary herself would later be arrested and imprisoned as well.

Chief Joseph: “I am tired of fighting.”

Chief Joseph

“I am tired of fighting. Our chiefs are killed; Looking Glass is dead, Too-hul-hul-sote is dead. The old men are all dead. It is the young men who say yes or no. He who led on the young men is dead.

It is cold, and we have no blankets; the little children are freezing to death. My people, some of them, have run away to the hills, and have no blankets, no food. No one knows where they are—perhaps freezing to death.

I want to have time to look for my children, to see how many I can find. Maybe I shall find them among the dead.

Hear me, my chiefs! I am tired; my heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever.”

– Chief Joseph, Nez Perce Native American

Note: In 1877, the Nez Perce tribe was ordered to move to a reservation. The tribe refused to. Chief Joseph led them to Canada, fighting with the U.S. army over the entire 1,100 miles. Forty miles from the border, the tribe was trapped. After 5 days of fighting, the remaining 431 members of the tribe surrendered. This quote is from Chief Joseph’s surrender speech.


Upton Sinclair: “I wrote with tears and anguish”

Upton Sinclair

“I wrote with tears and anguish, pouring into the pages all that pain which life had meant to me. Externally the story had to do with a family of stockyard workers, but internally it was the story of my own family. Did I wish to know how the poor suffered in winter time in Chicago? I only had to recall the previous winter in the cabin, when we had only cotton blankets, and had rags on top of us. It was the same with hunger, with illness, with fear. Our little boy was down with pneumonia that winter, and nearly died, and the grief of that went into the book.”

– Upton Sinclair, about his book The Jungle.

Upton Sinclair was known as “a man with every gift except humor and silence.” But his book The Jungle was instrumental in improving the quality of food production in the U.S. He shed light on labor and sanitary conditions in the U.S. meatpacking industry, and as a result, the outraged public pushed legislators to pass the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act.

From another quote by him, he said “I aimed at the public’s heart, and by accident I hit it in the stomach.”